Particle Sensor 2.5PM and 10PM - SDS021

Measuring air quality includes the necessity to determine the amount of dust or particulate matter (PM) in the air. Dust is not so bad but really small particles, 2.5µm and 10µm in diameter, can penetrate the lungs causing all sorts of health problems. The measurement of these particles are often called 2.5PM and 10PM and they are measured in micro-grams per cubic meter of air (µg/m3).

The SDS021 sensor uses laser based light scattering to detect both 2.5µm and 10µm sized particles. It has an integrated fan to maintain constant airflow across the sensing chamber. The sensor does all the internal processing and temperature compensation and outputs both measurements over an easy to use serial interface every second.

A four pin interface cable is included with the sensor. One end of the cable is a 1.25mm pitch connector that connects to the sensor. The opposite end of the cable is four, breadboard-friendly, male pins that make it easy to connect to any platform.

Once power is applied the sensor will start reporting readings every second. Only three connections (5V, GND, RX) are required but if you want to send commands to the module you'll need a fourth wire (TX). We've written a handful of example sketches to demonstrate how to read the 2.5PM and 10PM measurements as well as graph the output and sleeping/waking the module via software to conserve power.

The sensor requires 5V to operate so we recommend using this with a RedBoard, Teensy, or other platform that can provide a good 5V at 60mA. The serial interface is 3.3V so use a logic level converter where needed.

Walking and/or movement of the sensor will cause airflow variations across the sensing chamber but the variance is not estimated to have significant impact on the measurements.

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  • Voltage: 5V
  • Current: 60mA (laser/fan on), less than 4mA during sleep (laser/fan off)
  • Precision: 0.0 to 999.9 µg/m3
  • Accuracy: +/- 10µg/m3, +/-15% at upper threshold of 999µg/m3
  • Outputs 2.5PM and 10PM readings every second
  • Software controlled sleep and wake


Looking for answers to technical questions?

We welcome your comments and suggestions below. However, if you are looking for solutions to technical questions please see our Technical Assistance page.

  • Emotion / about 5 years ago * / 1

    I just finished a class in Environmental Economics from Arden Pope, one of the pioneers in the dangers of PM2.5. A 10 ug/m^3 increase in PM2.5 represents about a 7 month decrease in lifespan. Here in Utah, we end up getting really bad days during inversions. It turns out that PM2.5 particles go through your lungs and into your blood vessels, scraping the inside of them and also depressing various proteins which repair those scrapes. Eventually those scrapes can turn into plaques, leading to heart problems.

    If anyone has seen The Crown on Netflix, it shows how really high levels of PM2.5 can literally kill you within days. In 1952 in London, at least 4,000 people died as a result of a wide variety of air pollutants. PM2.5 is made by high temperature processes; mostly burning fossil fuels. Lowering PM2.5 in the US has been responsible for something like 20% of lifespan increases over the past few decades. Most current research shows PM10 is mostly harmless in comparison.

    It's pretty astounding that this sensor is so inexpensive! I would have thought stuff like this would cost hundreds of dollars. There must be a large(ish) market for this. I'm a bit concerned by the accuracy level though. 10ug/m^3 is huge, as the US regulatory limit is only 35 ug/m^3.

  • Member #740506 / about 5 years ago / 1

    Are you going to offer one of these without a fan? I would like to mount it on a drone / plane - no need for a fan

    • Very cool idea. I won't say all, but almost all PM sensors use a fan to actively push air into the sensor chamber so it's unlikely we'll be able to stock a non-fan version. That said, it's easy enough to clip the power wire going to the fan. There might even be an internal pug that would allow you to disconnect it from the control board.

Customer Reviews

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Awesome product.

Dear Sir, We have used this and it is giving the exact results.

We require two more quantity of the same.

Please let us know if we can purchase on one bill and save on shipping.

waiting for your kind reply.

Thanks & Regards SparshBio +91-9999-080766

Unfortunately because of the experimental nature of the products that SparkX releases, the products are limited releases and I'm not sure when the next batch will be able to be produced. The best way to keep track of availability would be using the "notify me" button on the page above.