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January 6, 2010
News - According to Pete: Charge…
about 2 months ago
I first learned about charge pumps many moons ago. I built a high voltage charging circuit for a photoflash cap – something like 220uF@450V. I started out with an inverter turning 12VDC into ~100VAC and then running it through a four stage Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier. At the time, I didn’t access to a good, high current flyback transformer, nor the knowledge to build the drive circuit. The output of the photoflash cap was used to drive each stage of a coil gun. Took me to state level science fair competition.
In reference to the timing jitter from the RedBoard. The Atmel timer/counters can be configured to generate complementary PWM signals with dead time. See section 3.1.3 of App Note AVR447 for an explanation. Since you are using a fixed duty cycle, the concern for updating duty cycle values in parallel goes away. This does, of course, require programming the AVR at the chip level and not using the Arduino environment. Tuning the dead time should allow you to increase efficiency some too, though moving to FETs instead of BJTs may help more.
News - You're shopping with us, …
about 6 months ago
I see great utility is some of the things that can be done with networked devices. I can monitor power usage in my house. I can control individual vents in my HVAC system, not only to make sure I’m not heating and cooling rooms needlessly, but that I am also getting enough volume through the system for it to be working efficiently. All that kind of stuff is great. What is not great is that I have to open the whole thing up to the outside world to use the products. Somewhere along the way, products stopped being an end unto themselves and started being a vehicle for mining data about users that could be further monetized. Having to sign up with some random company storing data in “the cloud” just so I can set my thermostat is a non starter.
The, we get to the command and control part. If you put something on the internet, it will be hacked. Just a matter of time. Someone will break in and make it do something unintended, just because they can. I’m not talking about malicious actors. There are over 7 billion people in the world. The combination of brilliant, bored, internet connected, and curious factors out a lot of folks, but even one hundredth of 1% is still a lot of people poking around just to see what they can do. Unfortunately, the side effect is not to make products more secure and tamper proof, or only connected to the outside world if absolutely necessary. The side effect is knee jerk laws and regulations that make doing the same things on stuff you own illegal.
In short, I see a number of positives from connected devices and a tsunami of negatives. Now, get off my lawn!
News - Enginursday: InfoSec for …
about 8 months ago
I have to say that MicroCorruption is a really cool idea. I actually use the MSP430 for projects and it is neat to see the simulated environment they have put together. I’ve only gone through the tutorial and the first two challenges and… well, its pretty addictive.
about 9 months ago
You guys might consider stocking the RFD21813. I just ordered three from Mouser because I found out about them after reading this post. I would have much rather ordered them from SparkFun. While lacking a few useful things, like a low power receiver mode, they look to be very useful modules for mess and many-to-one sensor nets where high speed data rates aren’t needed.
News - New Product Friday: The D…
about a year ago
This particular model only switches at the zero crossing of the AC input. This means that you would, at best, only have 120 PWM steps at a frequency of 1Hz down to three steps (0, 50, 100) at a PWM frequency of 60Hz. Each step would correspond to one half cycle of the AC input. For those with 50Hz power it would be 100 steps @ 1Hz and three steps @ 50Hz. It might work for incandescent lights, though I would expect you to perceive the flicker at half power with anything more than a few steps.
The zero crossing switching is also why you can’t switch DC with these. Technically, you might be able switch DC if the zero crossing doesn’t require the output voltage to swing negative to switch, but it will behave quite oddly. The output would latch the current state of the input when DC is applied to the output and would stay that way until DC is removed from the output. If the input was ON when DC is applied, then DC would flow so long as it is applied to the output, regardless of changes to the input. If the input was OFF when DC is applied, then DC wouldn’t flow regardless of input change. Depending on the design of the zero-crossing detection circuit, you might be able to switch PWM’d DC so long as your PWM signal off width was long enough for the zero crossing to be detected and so long as the zero crossing circuit doesn’t require the voltage to go negative to trigger.
News - AVC 2014: Bots, Copters, …
about 2 years ago
No need for razor blades. Just use APC electric props. They are pretty near razor sharp at the tips to begin with. Given what one will due to a finger, I doubt a balloon would stand a chance.
News - Enginursday: Enginerds in…
about 2 years ago
You can make your own. Check out Pilkington Mirrorview and Mirrowpane. You can also get acrylic two way mirrors that are cheaper though harder to make look good at large sizes. Put LCD panels on the back side and their you go.
First thing I went to find out was “how much for the clock?” sigh $500 is well outside the range for an impulse buy, but I would love one. Although, ½ meter might be a better size.
Tutorial - PCA9306 Level Translator Hookup Guide
about 2 years ago
Just a note. Your Fritizing diagram is missing the ground connection between the PCA9306 and the pro mini.
News - Enginursday: Visually Pro…
about 2 years ago
I’m of a couple of minds here. Anything that get people (kids or adults) interesting in programming and electronics is good in my opinion. Anything that makes it easier for someone to implement an idea they have for a widget, piece of interactive art, automatic cat herder, or whatever you have cooked up is also good. Things like visual programming and arduino certainly facilitate interactive art and such things and open up the world of custom algorithm implementation to none programmers. It does not make you a programmer. Actually, I consider a programmer to be a step below in the talent spectrum. All you need to do to “program” is learn the language syntax, whatever the language. Visual programming focusing on algorithms or program function.
My big beef with visual languages, and even the move to higher and higher level languages is that it makes it easy to accomplish things in a bad way and so we end up with multi-ghz processors being needed to flash a few LEDs. I’m thinking of the penchant for using Raspberry Pi’s in place of arduinos because you can run in a normal Linux OS environment. That’s fine for some hobbyist at home, but it works its way into the commercial environment and suddenly your toaster has to run embedded linux so a two bit java developer can write the code that lets your burn your bagel in the morning….
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