MIKROE GSM Click is a compact and powerful GSM cellular network communication solution, featuring the GSM/GPRS Telit GL865-QUAD module. This module features a full set of options for the cellular networking and communication, such as the network status indication, jamming detection, embedded TCP/IP stack, including TCP, IP, UDP, SMTP, ICMP and FTP protocols, full GPRS class 10 implementation; GSM supplementary functions such as the call barring, waiting, forwarding, and holding, calling line identification presentation or restriction (CLIP/CLIR), integrated voice communication codecs, and more. This module also features an embedded Python Script interpreter, allowing users to run scripts from inside the module.
GSM click supports quad-band GSM/GPRS, allowing it to be used worldwide. A wide range of communication protocols and connectivity options, coupled with the embedded Phyton Script interpreter and Telit’s simple AT command interface via the UART bus, make this Click board™ a complete solution for a wide range of M2M applications, such as mobile Internet terminals, automatic meter reading (AMR), remote monitoring automation and control (RMAC), surveillance and security, road pricing, asset tracking, and similar applications which rely on a cellular network connection.
GSM click is equipped with the GL865-QUAD, a compact, quad-band GSM/GPRS module from Telit. It covers frequencies of 850/900/1800/1900 MHz. The GL865-QUAD module is GSM/GPRS protocol stack 3GPP Release 4 compliant, and it is also compliant with eCall EU Directive. This module is the main component of the Click board™ and it consists of a number of internal blocks or sections, such as antenna switching section, RF transceiver section, memory, power management, and most importantly - the cellular baseband processor. The module interface consists of several lines used to report the device and the network status, SIM card interface lines, UART interface lines, and device control lines. These lines are routed to the respective elements of the Click board™.
The GL865-QUAD module has to be powered by a clean and stable power supply. The voltage needed for the module to work properly is taken from the 3.3V mikroBUS™ rail and filtered by the filtering network, comprised of several capacitors and a ferrite bed.
Digital sections of the GL865-QUAD are internally supplied by 2.8V, so it is necessary to condition the communication bus lines which connect the host MCU with the module. GL865-QUAD outputs 2.8V from its internal LDO, providing the needed reference voltage for one side of the TXB0106, a 6bit bidirectional level shifting and voltage translator with automatic direction sensing, from Texas Instruments. The reference voltage for the other side of the level shifter is taken from the onboard SMD jumper, labeled as I/O Level This jumper is used to select between 3.3V and 5V from the mikroBUS™, depending on the used MCU type and its logic voltage level requirements.
UART interface supports baud rates from 300 bps to 115.2 kbps and automatic baud rate detection for up to 115.2 kbps. The UART bus of the GL865-QUAD module is connected to one side of the level shifter, while the other side (shifted) is connected to the respective mikroBUS™ UART pins (TX and RX). However, the GL865-QUAD module is designed as the traditional DCE device (Data Communication Equipment) offering the full UART pin count, including the hardware flow control pins (CTS, RTS). These pins are routed to the mikroBUS™ CS (RTS) and the INT pin (CTS) and can be used in the MCU software if hardware flow control is needed.
A yellow LED labeled as STAT, is used to indicate the device status. The device status is indicated by the STAT LED, using the following pattern:
A red LED labeled as the TXD is used at one of the GPIO pins of the module to indicate the SIM card presence. This LED is actually connected to the GPIO 1 pin because the GL865-QUAD does not provide a dedicated SIMIN pin. It might require configuration of the GPIO pins, however, the provided click library offers functions which initialize the module properly, and allow easy communication with the GSM click. Also, the provided application example demonstrates their usage and it can be used as a reference for custom development. To provide enough power for the LEDs, both of them are driven via the NPN BJ transistor.
The PWRMON pin is routed to the mikroBUS™ AN pin, and it is used to provide a 2.8V power good indication. When the module is powered on, the internal LDO will provide 2.8V, biasing the BJT and causing the AN pin to be pulled to a LOW voltage level. When there is no 2.8V, the BJT will be unbiased and the AN pin will be pulled to a HIGH logic level.
The GL865-QUAD offers extensive audio features, including Half rate, full rate, enhanced full rate and adaptive multi-rate voice codecs, superior echo cancellation and noise reduction, multiple pre-programmed audio profiles, fully configurable with the AT commands, and DTMF tone generation. The audio section is integrated into the module and it requires only a few external components. The headset can be connected via the 4-pole 3.5mm audio jack.
As mentioned before, this module features an embedded Phyton Script interpreter. It allows loading scripts written in Phyton language and provides 1.9 MB of non-volatile memory for the user scripts and 1 MB of RAM for the Python engine.
The Micro SIM card holder on the back of the Click board™ is used to install a micro SIM card. This device cannot be used without the valid SIM card, which allows connection to the cellular network. Both 1.8V and 3V SIM card types are supported.
It is recommended to follow a certain procedure when powering down the GSM click. There is a possibility of data corruption if the module is turned off abruptly, while operated. To stop the system before powering it down, the system halt AT command should be issued (AT#SYSHALT).
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