GainAMP 2 Click is a 6-channel programmable gain amplifier, used to amplify signals on any of the 6 non-inverting input channels up to 32x, in eight discrete steps. The gain can be set via the SPI communication interface. The Click has a high signal to noise ratio, a good bandwidth, and very low gain error. These features make it an ideal solution for amplifying sensitive low signals from various sources.
Due to its low noise compared to most of the ADCs, it can be used to adjust the dynamic range of the ADC input signal. The GainAMP 2 can also be used to expand the analog input capacity of the MCU with the additional gain control for each source. This Click can be easily daisy-chained if more than six inputs are needed - or to achieve other gain ratios, not possible with a single device.
GainAMP 2 Click uses the MCP6S21, a rail-to-rail I/O, low noise programmable gain amplifier (PGA) from Microchip. This integrated circuit features six multiplexed non-inverting inputs, with a gain that can be programmed via the SPI interface for each input individually. The channels CH0 to CH5 are the six input channels, connected to the external signal sources. The internal multiplexer selects the channel that is gained and sent to the output pin. The gain stage of the MCP6S21 has eight different discrete steps of gain: 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16 and 32V/V.
The rail-to-rail inputs and outputs accept voltage levels up to VCC with no distortions or phase shifting. The output voltage is offset by the resistor ladder network on the output stage and the voltage on the voltage reference pin.
Besides the VOUT pin on the 10 pole I/O connector, the MCP6S21 output pin is also routed to the AN pin of the mikroBUS™ so it can be used as the input signal for the ADC. This allows the amplified signal to be easily digitalized and processed by the MCU. Using the Click board™ in this configuration effectively turns the GainAMP 2 Click into an analog port expander with the selectable gain on its inputs.
The MCP6S21 device can be put in a shutdown mode by setting the appropriate bits of the internal register via the SPI interface. While in shutdown mode, the power consumption is minimal. The device stays in the shutdown mode until a valid command is received via the SPI. While in the shutdown mode, device remembers states of the internal registers, so when its awaken, it will resume working as before. The internal registers can be easily accessed by using MikroElektronika library functions. More information about the registers and their settings can be found in the MCP6S21 datasheet.
GainAMP 2 Click can work with both 3.3V and 5V, which can be selected by the onboard SMD jumper. GainAMP 2 Click has a 10 pole I/O connector, so the connection of the external signals can be easily done.
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