Odometers are extremely useful for cars, they tell you how far you have gone, wouldn’t it be nice if you were able to have a device that does the same for electrical current? The LTC4150 SparkFun Coulomb Counter Breakout is here to be your odometer for current. If you are wondering: a coulomb is defind as, to put it simply, one amp for one second. This breakout is capable of constantly monitoring the current your sensor is using, is able to add it up, and will give you a pulse each time a given amount of amp-hours have been used. When used effectively and if you start with a full battery, you’ll always know exactly how much of it is left!
At one end of the Coulomb Counter Breakout are headers labeled IN and OUT. Connect your battery or power supply to the IN header or JST battery connector (they’re identical), and connect the OUT header to your project. At the other end of the Coulomb Counter you’ll find a header with six pins. These are the pins you’ll need to connect to your microcontroller and include VIO (Voltage Input), INT (Interrupt), POL (Polarity), GND (Ground), CLR (Clear), and SHDN (Shutdown). Simply install this breakout out between your power source and your circuit, that way all the current your circuit uses needs to pass through the Coulomb Counter to be measured.
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Based on 5 ratings:
1 of 1 found this helpful:
This seems like a terrific breakout to track charge/discharge on a battery. It accumulates a net change in charge and interrupts the host microcontroller
I had a little bit different application in mind, which was to track current draw of an Arduino differentiating states of high draw and low draw (as, for example, when the processor is sleeping). Unfortunately, when you do the math, the Coulomb counter will interrupt its host microcontroller at most once every 0.6 seconds and it will be only that frequent if the CC is measuring the maximum current draw for the sense resistor in place. If the current draw is less it could be many seconds between interrupts.
It would be great if it were possible to reduce the downscaling on the board from 1024 to 128 or even 1. That would enable a finer resolution on the time at various current levels.
I wanted to use this board to monitor the performance of an energy harvester, so I needed more than the default sensitivity. Accordingly, I unsoldered the 50mΩ resistor provided and used the provided through holes to install a 51Ω resistor, increasing the sensitivity by lightly over a thousand. Now, with a 5µA current, I get an interrupt every couple of minutes, and a simple Arduino sketch can convert that to current. However, this use case doesn’t fit the “I’m being powered by the battery” assumption built in to the board, which made things a little tricky. Perhaps another jumper to disconnect the Vdd pin from the Vout+ pin? Additionally, one to connect Vdd to Vio would have been perfect for my application.
0 of 1 found this helpful:
Very easy to use. Had no trouble getting it up and running quickly. Looking forward to playing around with it further.
This product does a great job with measuring moderate to high currents from 1mA, to 50-100mA or even more. If you’re trying to track extremely low current accumulations (majority of time spent in uA range), you might consider swapping out the sensing resistor for a higher value, but of course this would yield a higher voltage drop across the device for ‘run’ current. If you use the self-clearing feature of the /INT line, be aware that this pulse width can be extremely short, on the order of a couple of uSecs, so either use a h/w IRQ line or a counter input, or switch over to manually resetting it via the /CLR line (you have to leave /INT asserted for at least 20uS before you clear it). NIce product for gathering real-world data!