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Creative Commons images are CC BY 2.0

Description: The GP-20U7 is a compact GPS receiver with a built-in high performances all-in-one GPS chipset. The GP-20U7 accurately provides position, velocity, and time readings as well possessing high sensitivity and tracking capabilities. Thanks to the low power consumption this receiver requires, the GP-20U7 is ideal for portable applications such as tablet PCs, smart phones, and other devices requiring positioning capability.

This 56-channel GPS module, that supports a standard NMEA-0183 and uBlox 7 protocol, has low power consumption of 40mA@3.3V (max), an antenna on board, and -162dBm tracking sensitivity. With 56 channels in search mode and 22 channels “all-in-view” tracking, the GP-20U7 is quite the work horse for its size.

Features:

  • 56-Channel Receiver (22 Channel All-in-View)
  • Sensitivity : -162dBm
  • 2.5m Positional Accuracy
  • Cold Start : 29s (Open Sky)
  • 40mA @ 3.3V
  • 3-pin JST Terminated Cable

Dimensions:

  • 18.4mm x 18.4mm x 4mm

Documents:

Recommended Products

Customer Comments

  • To get started using this with arduino:

    Download https://github.com/mikalhart/TinyGPSPlus

    Pick the example code you wish to run. Within the .ino file, change #include<TinyGPS++.h> to the location of the TinyGPS++.cpp file in the TinyGPSPlus-xxxx directory. In my case:

    include <~/TinyGPSPlus-0.94b/TinyGPS++.cpp>

    Change the variable GPSBAUD from 4800 to 9600

    Last but not least, change TXPin and RXPin to appropriate values (ie: TXPin is where you have the white wire plugged into your arduino).

    You should be able to upload the code and watch the serial monitor output the information.

  • Here’s a sample of the output:

    $GPGGA,200236.00,4005.42846,N,10511.07691,W,2,09,1.48,1572.0,M,-21.4,M,,0000*57
    $GPGSA,A,3,48,14,15,20,18,21,24,51,46,,,,2.36,1.48,1.84*00
    $GPGSV,4,1,13,08,18,314,,10,61,306,15,14,42,209,40,15,23,049,41*7F
    $GPGSV,4,2,13,18,69,037,30,20,12,084,30,21,60,139,31,22,56,295,17*75
    $GPGSV,4,3,13,24,32,091,30,27,35,283,08,46,40,169,32,48,35,219,35*7D
    $GPGSV,4,4,13,51,44,183,36*40
    $GPGLL,4005.42846,N,10511.07691,W,200236.00,A,D*7B
    $GPRMC,200237.00,A,4005.42851,N,10511.07694,W,0.147,,041215,,,D*61
    $GPVTG,,T,,M,0.147,N,0.272,K,D*23
    
    • so you have been to to boulder creek near N 107th st and goose haven dr. in boulder colo on 04 dec at 20:02 utc or 1:02 pm this was read off of the RMC line

      • Close, but no cigar. The information on this page will get you on track. :-)

        • Thanks, my converter on the smartphone was wrong, when I did it by hand and dumb calculator, I have you at the loading gate of Sparkfun.

  • Found the answer in Adafruit site (http://www.adafruit.com/products/954) via USB to TTL adapter cable. This solution will cost another $9.00.

    • I prefer SparkFun’s version, https://www.sparkfun.com/products/12977 since it has the connector ends labeled. Same price

  • Does that PPS pad actually work? Also curious if the RX pad allows control of the module like others are hinting at.

    For me, not enough of the cheap GPS modules support PPS, which is critical for some applications of mine.

    • If you add a resistor and LED it works. I made an NTP server from one and a Raspberry Pi.
      The pad next to the PPS label is 3.3V. The LED pad under it is the PPS output. It is open-drain so a pull-up is needed. The LED and resistor make a good pull-up and give a visual sync indication. Photos are here

    • Did you get/find an answer yet? I’d like to know this too.

  • Based on this Rx/Tx wiring issue and what you get out of the default data stream, this is either a great deal or a waste of $15. Could someone post some sample data?

    • Datasheet says that it’s 1Hz NMEA-0183 Ver 3.01 via a 9.6K baud serial. NEMA 0183 is an ASCII plaintext protocol that you can find the specifics of by googling around. Here’s a wikipeida article on the protocol: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NMEA_0183 , and the data sheet goes into the protocol some as well. The datasheet also specifies that TX is UART Serial Data Output, so I’m led to believe that it’s wired properly.

      The datasheet also does specify that: “NMEA Output Messages: the module board outputs the following messages…” listing GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, RMC and VTG. So without input, it should be sending at least those messages.

  • How does this work with a 3-pin JST and nothing connected to the RX pin (according to the 2nd photo)? From the data sheet, it uses a command-response serial protocol, so I’d expect both TX and RX to be necessary for proper operation.

    • I read the datasheet and here is what I found:

      The module outputs all of these messages: : GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, RMC and VTG

      You get it all. Doesn’t say anything about 2 way to command the device.

      It boots up, finds the stats and spits out the messages.

      Seems simple enough.

      • Thanks for clarifying. Please consider being less condescending in your responses.

        • You misunderstand, I meant that I had the datasheet. Not saying you didn’t.

          It only needs power, gnd, TX.. TX as in, it’s sending you the data.

          Didn’t mean for you to take it the wrong way..

          • Ugh, the written English language needs separate words for the different uses of read. I also immediately though you meant “Go and read the datasheet”, not “I read the datasheet and here is what I found”

    • The Tx pin is wired, not Rx, and it’ll send out a default information stream by itself. The Rx pin is needed to send it commands, but the skimpy documentation leaves us guessing at what commands will work.

    • TX pin is data being transmitted out of the GPS?

    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Write-only_memory_%28joke%29

  • So.. This seems like a great little GPS.. I am making a position logger for a cruise I’m going on this weekend, and I’ve got it set just to record everything into giant NMEA text files, and I’ll figure out what to do with it when I get back, but I have one big problem.. There doesn’t seem to be a provided GPS sentence that would give me the current DATE.. I can get the TIME from the $GPGGA but there’s no DATE! It doesn’t send the $GPZDA sentence apparently, so I’m bummed.. I wanted this thing to set the time and name the output files based on the GPS provided date/time, but now I’m going to have to plug it in and make sure it gets the date set at least, so my files are correct.. Does anyone see anything I’m missing? –EDIT – False alarm… It DOES send the $GPRMC sentence, which also has the date, so it looks like I’m good!!

    That being said, sitting here in my house on my workbench, I just turn it on and I get 4 sats and a good fix in just a few seconds. I’m sure it’ll be great when it can see the sky!

  • im getting coordinates about 9 miles away from where i actually am. do i have a defective unit?

    • GPS tends to be relayed in 2 ways, specifically the last few digits. Basically what I think is happening is that the GPS and your mapping software (Google maps, etc.) are using 2 different coordinate systems. One system uses degrees, minutes, and seconds. The other uses decimal degrees. If you use the incorrect one you tend to be off by about that much (enough to know it is mostly working, but also enough to know it isn’t right). Check out this conversion and see if it helps.

  • Hello. Anybody knows if it possible to connect to 5V the module? because in the datasheet in the last page appears power supply pin 4, 3-5V. Thanks for your support!

  • Regarding the battery, any information on what kind of battery it is (i.e. rechargable when the device has 3.3V power or just a primary cell)? I saw the comment about it “lasting for several years” (and I know what it’s for), but I’m a little uncomfortable deploying a device with this module without knowing more about the battery and its real-world life expectancy. I could not find any information about it in the data sheet.

  • How does one connect this to say a ESP2866 or Raspberry PI? I didn’t see a JST female connector to jump wires.

    • I snipped the wires and used it on a Raspberry pi with a screw terminal proto top.. Not pretty but it works..

  • Is there an easy way to remove the red stuff holding the wires in place?

  • Does anyone know what the red goop is? or a good way to remove it?

  • I get the following output. I have tried it with an Arduino, an Electron from Sparkle and with a USB to Serial and I always get the same response. I also was outside on a field to test if (maybe it don’t get some signal in rooms). Can someone help me with this problem?

    $GPGSA,A,1,,,,,,,,,,,,,99.99,99.99,99.99*30
    $GPGSV,1,1,01,05,,,20*7F
    $GPGLL,,,,,,V,N*64
    $GPRMC,,V,,,,,,,,,,N*53
    $GPVTG,,,,,,,,,N*30
    $GPGGA,,,,,,0,00,99.99,,,,,,*48
    
  • hi. I tried using the module with arduino directly l.e 3.3v -> VCC, GND -> GND, RX->TX but i keep getting $GPGSA,A,1,,,,,,,,,,,,,99.99,99.99,99.99*30 and i tried using online nmea converter to convert it but it not working. How can i make it work Note. Am using arduino serial monitor to get the informatation.

  • Just got this device in and I am trying to determine how you know if the device is powered up and/or if it has a fix. Reviews seem good but the documentation is lacking. It looks to have an LED on it but I am not sure if that LED works. It would seem that would pulse or turn on if the device had power.

  • Anyone have any idea how good the signal strength is indoors?

  • Curious if anyone has tried using ublox protocol. Does it expose additional functionality/configuration? Or is it just a binary alternative to NMEA in this application?

  • Approx a week ago the question was asked if the TX data I/O is 5V tolerant. I do not see any definitive answers.

  • What is the battery for? How long will it last and what happens when I use it if the battery dies or without a battery?

    • The button cell is to maintain the almanac and clock while “off”. This gives it a starting point to look for satellites the next time it starts up. Basically faster acquisition. The battery should last several years. When it dies (or if you remove it) the receiver will still work fine, you’ll just have slower acquisition. Also note that if you use this very infrequently (like more than a month between uses) you may as well not have the coin cell because the clock and almanac will be far enough off to be nearly useless.

  • SENSITIVE! I tried this thing in my basement lab. 5 feet underground, against a concrete wall, sitting on the bench. Got a good fix. Had my doubts. Put the whole thing inside an aluminum bud box, ungrounded, but not fully closed up. Still had an active fix. It wasn’t until I grounded the box that I got an inValid fix flag that I truly believed how sensitive this thing is. Havn’t been able to confirm if the course-true indicator works at some speed or not. It reads null when stationary.

  • Is the Rx pin 5v tolerant? The datasheet is a bit vague.. the electrical specs are 3.6V max, but the Hardware section shows Vcc at 3 - 5 V… Just need some clarification here..

  • Ublox 7 data sheets indicate a maximum altitude of 50km. But your data sheet says 18km. Is this really a ublox 7 chip?

    • 18km. http://hardware.slashdot.org/story/13/10/01/1337243/bypassing-us-gps-limits-for-active-guided-rockets

  • I was wondering if this could be hooked up to an arduino and if so what would be required to enable it ? Is there are library already available?

  • Does this work with the Weather shield? What’s the difference between this module and the GP-645T GPS Module?

  • According to the data sheet, only control I/O connections provided. Has anyone checked the possibility of finding an internal signal that can be used to discipline an oscillator to serve as a frequence standard? This would be interesting to know before I buy this item.

  • The commands that can be sent to the receiver are in the UBLOX 7 protocol mentioned in the description. Of course, this will require soldering a lead to RX on the board. For the protocol, see:

    https://www.u-blox.com/sites/default/files/products/documents/u-blox7-V14_ReceiverDescrProtSpec_%28GPS.G7-SW-12001%29_Public.pdf

    In my case, I would want to set the serial post parameters to a higher data rate, which is achieved via the CFG-PRT message.

  • In the pictures and the “datasheet” it shows the RX line, needed for 2-way communication. What is really needed is the commands and the configuration information to change the settings, if desired. No point in 2-way comm if there is no idea on what to do … unless I missed something?

    I suppose the message can be parsed for the relevant information.

  • Is there an antenna hookup, or is it possible to solder your own on? I’m looking at using this in a car where I want to hide everything away in a nice box in the dash, but from what I understand I would need to leave the GPS exposed somewhere by a window so it can pickup on the satellites, so I would like to have an atenna

    • This one has the antenna built-in. You could place the whole module in a good spot and run the three wires to it, or consider a GPS receiver like the Venus which has a connector for an external antenna.

  • It looks to me this product is bargain! If anyone from Sparkfun can hear me, please post a tutorial on how to hook this component to a Raspberry Pi. You’ll be shipping hundreds of this product in the upcoming months (hint: Raspberry Pi Zero :-) )

  • I think the key here is “images are CC BY-NC-SA 3.0”, and the actual module for sale & datasheet are for GP-20U? NOTE: GP-20U has both Rx & Tx pins.

    • CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 is a creative commons (alternative copyright) license code for the image not a part number. Your confusion is warranted because it totally looks like a part number.

  • How to do you get a “hot start” or a “warm start” with this module? Looks like the module has a coin cell on it.
    Does it hold start up data over power down? If so for how long?

  • So if I wanted TABLE 7 how do I communicate that to this device if the RX pin is not connected? Or to simplify things, does this work with any Arduino or RaspPi libraries?

    Thanks for your time

    • Table 7 defines the fields returned by the GPS in the VTG sentence. According to the datasheet the GPS will transmit all sentences specified in Table 1. Your software just needs to parse the incoming datastream and when it finds Message Id $GPVTG parse the fields for that sentence up to the End of Message characters.

Customer Reviews

4.2 out of 5

Based on 22 ratings:

Currently viewing all customer reviews.

6 of 6 found this helpful:

Works well. Easy setup and operation

I’m using this as a replacement for a much earlier generation GPS engine/antenna. Sat acquisition time for this unit is very fast in comparison and a wealth of data is provided over the one-wire (two counting the gnd) serial port interface. The unit is also significantly more sensitive (as well as being about ½ the area) as well. The only potential gotcha to watch for is many or most older generations use a default 4800b setting for serial communications. This unit has a default of 9600. You can change the setting of the unit by uploading (over the same single wire used to RX data) or more simply - just change the Arduino (if thats what you are using) sketch code to initialize the serial port to 9600b. I ordered two more of these useful, high-performance units..

2 of 2 found this helpful:

Mostly good, breaks a price barrier

Finally, a sub $20 GPS receiver with integrated antenna! Don’t know why the UP-501 isn’t made any more. This comes close to being a replacement. Similar specifications, slightly smaller, same convenient 3.3 Volt supply. But you give up quite a bit: configurable baud rate, configurable update rate, 1 Hz pulse signal, 0.1 inch pin header, separate supply and battery pins (the 501 could be put into a low power state then warm-started). Some of these cons might be fixed with better documentation. And I’m wondering how many buyers actually need the connector this ships with - how about $13 without the wires/connector?

3 of 3 found this helpful:

This little chip is amazing.

Wow, this was a great deal. It worked really well too. I hooked it up to my arduino 3.3 volt power output, ground, and the rx pin on my arduino and downloaded the example serial communication sketch to the arduino board. I had it spitting out nmea 0183 sentences to the serial monitor in less than 5 minutes. I just need to find an application to use it in now. There is also an arduino nmea parsing library that I need to try out, but the chip itself is really great and couldn’t be easier to use. It was so sensitive that it even worked indoors (except in my basement).

6 of 6 found this helpful:

Who would have thought you could have a bin of GPS 'just in case?'

If you don’t need configurability or a quick update rate this is a no brainer. It works really well, and it only costs $16. Crazy. I agree that the plug seems unnecessary. I almost feel like I should give it 5 stars, especially given the price, but I wish that the extra two pads that aren’t broken out weren’t gooped over. I also wish there were reasonable documentation for it (without that the rx pin is pretty useless anyway, PPS would be handy though; perhaps I’ll scrape off the goop). I’m testing it side by side with the $50 venus module plus the $13 embedded antenna, and the sensitivity on this little beast is better. Only 1 Hz though. I’m going to buy a few for the drawer.

1 of 1 found this helpful:

I am happy, but......

I bought several of these modules. I have been testing them on a pcDuino, tied into /dev/ttyS1. I have written my own programs to parse the NMEA messages and to update a Google Map. The module works well, except that I find it does not seem to register movement very quickly. I have the pcDuino running on a Voltaic battery and am using a hotspot to provide mobile power and connectivity to the database server. It seems like it eventually catches up to my new location, but doesn’t register along the path as I would like.

2 of 2 found this helpful:

Good construction, works, and is inexpensive!

Well built and needs only power to function.

When powered up the module quickly started outputting correct data (ie, the 29s cold start spec seems likely to be accurate). Power specs is accurate too. Output data rate is 9600 baud (8N1) serial. Sentences the module sends as configured “out of the box” are: GPRMC, GPVTG, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL (which is also what the datasheet says). An RXD pad is present on the module, as well as what appears to be a 3V button cell.

Absolutely trouble free, works per the datasheet, and overall very impressive capability for the price.

1 of 1 found this helpful:

Plug and Play

It works inside and outside. Very easy to integrate. Just add some code!

1 of 1 found this helpful:

Great economy GPS

I have now built 2 projects with this product. I am pleased with its performance. Since I am using them to display GPS information to a human, the once per second update is just what I wanted. I don’t miss the lack of a way to configure the unit. I did have trouble using it on a 12Mhz Arduino using SoftwareSerial, but it worked great on the hardware serial port. Seems to need a 16Mhz Arduino for it to work well with SoftwareSerial. I am using canned library microNMEA to extract data (it is available on github). The price is real nice too!

1 of 1 found this helpful:

Awesome little unit!

This little thing has treated me very well. For the price, I haven’t come across anything of similar value. Sure, it only comes with the output wire, so there’s theoretically no changing of the standard 1Hz output rate (or other customizations) but for most of my projects, this is just fine. I ended up ditching the connector right away however and soldering the cables directly. I wouldn’t mind stashing a few of these away for times when I’ll surely need them :P

1 of 1 found this helpful:

Easy to use

This module is easy to use and decent to learn how to parse NMEA sentences, but it is not very reliable when it comes to actually connecting to a satellite. Good price if you are trying to learn though.

1 of 1 found this helpful:

Great GPS

Great GPS for the money.

Covers the basics for a GPS. A little slow update, but in general great.

2 of 2 found this helpful:

Works well.

This is a neat thing let me tell you. Inexpensive and fun to play with. I interfaced it with an ATmega328p without a library just using assembly and it worked fine for me. Concerning getting a fix indoors, mine didn’t want to get a fix but if I’d go outside and get a fix then when I came back in it seemed to hold. Warmup time wasn’t horrendous either.

A note to those who may not know, you do not need a level shifter to use this with an AVR. I supplied 3v3 to the GPS and 5v to my μC and connected the signal out of the GPS directly to the μC. This works because 3v3 is a high enough voltage to be considered a logical 1 by the AVR and since we aren’t trying to write back to it, all is good.

Also, as a side note, don’t forget that this unit updates its data one per second. Plenty fast enough for the playing around I was doing, but for some that might be too slow.

1 of 1 found this helpful:

good performance, bargain price

If you need 9600bps NMEA output without giving up a lot of power, space or money, this is a nifty solution. It was just the thing for my APRS project:

http://mythopoeic.org/tm-d710-internal-gps-de-nf3h/

See above URL for detailed information about bench-testing using a Bus Pirate.

Pro: Tiny, cheap, reasonably quick to get a fix, built-in antenna, low power consumption.

Cons: RX and PPS pins hard to access. 3V3 only. Included wires are about five times as thick as they need to be. JST connector is of limited us.

3 of 4 found this helpful:

a nice GPS receiver, but very fragile wires

A good GPS at a good price.

The TinyGPS++ library works great with this.

My major problem was the JST connector. I needed to put on a different connector and ended up destroying 2 of 3 receivers when stripping the wire for the new connector. The pad on the circuit board just ripped off. (So be very very very careful.)

It takes a short period to acquire satellites and get valid data.

Also note that you should use the SmartSerial driver and the smartDelay code from TinyGPS+++ so that you don’t get checksum errors and buffer overflows. (This showed up for me as no long/lat/altitude - even though I got valid time data.)

1 of 3 found this helpful:

I don't get use able NMEA data

Hallo!

I bought this GPS Modul for my Electron from Sparkle (also tried it with an Arduino Mega) and I don’t get a use able NMEA data and I don’t know what I am doing wrong. Maybe someone can help me with this problem…

Best greetings Stefan

Shoot us an email - https://www.sparkfun.com/technical_assistance Thanks

1 of 3 found this helpful:

Not working at All !

I am not feeling good about this product. I bought 2 of them and both are not working. First 2 days it worked fine but not any more. I was very excited but not any more. A lot of issues.

It works as expected with Arduino MEGA

This GPS receiver works great with Arduino MEGA. I connected it to the physical serial pin. I was able to establish connection and get GPS coordinates and data by standard serial communication and TinyGPS library also.

Works great

The most economical unit I’ve found and it works just fine on RPI2+ using GPIO. Setup in about 15 minutes, outputs NMEA data every second. Python code in Member #912411’s review works great too.

Works here in Paris, here is the code

Used with a Raspberry 4.4.8, GPS TX port on RPI RX port, here is the python code :

import serial import sys ser = serial.Serial(port=‘/dev/ttyS0’, baudrate=9600, timeout=None,parity=serial.PARITY_NONE, stopbits=serial.STOPBITS_ONE,rtscts=False,xonxoff=False,dsrdtr=False) while True : try: data=ser.readline() print data, except: print “Unexpected error:”, sys.exc_info() sys.exit()

which gives : PRMC,1$GPRMC,183902.00,A,4852.08237,N,00238.17086,E,0.101,,140317,,,A75 $GPVTG,,T,,M,0.101,N,0.187,K,A2D $GPGGA,183902.00,4852.08237,N,00238.17086,E,1,10,0.80,40.2,M,46.2,M,,66 $GPGSA,A,3,29,31,25,26,02,14,21,12,05,23,,,1.31,0.80,1.0405 $GPGSV,4,1,13,02,18,042,25,04,43,294,30,05,06,077,30,12,12,101,29*70 and so on… So long chaps

Great Price

I am using this in a Raspberry Pi based NTP server. I added the resistor and LED to the empty locations on the rear and got the PPS signal from the LED. It works great and syncs quickly, even when just pointing towards a window. http://dalimonte.ca/sdalimon/projects/Pi_GPS_Time/pi_time.html

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