The Intel® Galileo Gen 2 board is based on the Intel® Quark SoC X1000, a 32-bit Intel Pentium®-class system on a chip (SoC). It is the first board based on Intel® architecture designed to be hardware and software pin-compatible with shields designed for the Arduino Uno R3.
The Galileo board is also software-compatible with the Arduino Software Development Environment, which makes getting started a snap.
In addition to Arduino hardware and software compatibility, the Galileo board has several PC industry standard I/O ports and features to expand native usage and capabilities beyond the Arduino shield ecosystem. A full sized mini-PCI Express slot, 100Mb Ethernet port, Micro-SD slot, USB TTL UART header, USB Host port, USB Client Port, and 8 MByte NOR flash come standard on the board.
The genuine Intel processor and surrounding native I/O capabilities of the SoC provides for a fully featured offering for both the maker community and students alike. It will also be useful to professional developers who are looking for a simple and cost effective development environment to the more complex Intel® Atom™ processor and Intel® Core™ processor-based designs.
Note: The Galileo does NOT come with a USB microB cable, this will need to be purchased separately. We are currently updating our photos to reflect this change by Intel®.
If you try to program a Gen2 board with Gen1 selected in the IDE (or vice versa) the IDE will successfully upload to the board, but the code will not work. (No errors, IDE says upload successful.) The actual upload goes OK, but the files the IDE generates are different for each generation and are not compatible with the other's hardware. The more you know!
Glad you asked! Here's a neat report showing what shields were tested with the Galileo. http://download.intel.com/support/Galileo-Edison_ShieldTestReport_330937-002.pdf
If a board needs code or communicates somehow, you're going to need to know how to program or interface with it. The programming skill is all about communication and code.
Skill Level: Competent - The toolchain for programming is a bit more complex and will examples may not be explicitly provided for you. You will be required to have a fundamental knowledge of programming and be required to provide your own code. You may need to modify existing libraries or code to work with your specific hardware. Sensor and hardware interfaces will be SPI or I2C.
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If it requires power, you need to know how much, what all the pins do, and how to hook it up. You may need to reference datasheets, schematics, and know the ins and outs of electronics.
Skill Level: Rookie - You may be required to know a bit more about the component, such as orientation, or how to hook it up, in addition to power requirements. You will need to understand polarized components.
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I am unable to get at the console; I was hoping to be able to ssh into the ethernet port with ssh.
How do enable the ssh server and how do I enable the ethernet port?
Also in order to do this, I believe that I would need access to the console. Where and how do I access the system console?
Here's our basic getting started guide - https://learn.sparkfun.com/tutorials/galileo-getting-started-guide?_ga=1.146993719.1851504437.1417041706
For more detailed information you can also look over here at - https://www.arduino.cc/en/ArduinoCertified/IntelGalileo