Current 3 Click is a compact add-on board for applications like current sense and temperature monitoring. This board features the EMC1702, a combination of the high-side current sensing device with a temperature measurement function from Microchip. The EMC1702 measures the voltage developed across a sense resistor to represent the high-side current of a battery or voltage regulator, contains bidirectional peak detection circuitry to flag current spikes with programmable time duration and magnitude threshold, and channel for external temperature measurement. This Click board™ is suitable for embedded, industrial, and power management system applications.
Current 3 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
Current 3 Click is based on the EMC1702, a combination of the high-side current sensing device with a precision voltage and temperature measurement capabilities from Microchip. It measures the voltage developed across an external sense resistor to represent the high-side current of a battery or voltage regulator, and also measures the source voltage and uses these measured values to present a proportional power calculation. The EMC1702 contains additional bi-directional peak detection circuitry to flag instantaneous current spikes with programmable time duration and magnitude threshold. Also, it possesses an external diode channel for temperature measurement as well as an internal diode for ambient temperature measurements.
The EMC1702 current-sense measurement converts differential input voltage measured across an external sense resistor to a proportional output voltage. This voltage is digitized using a variable resolution (13-bit to 15-bit) Sigma-Delta ADC and I2C protocol. The current range allows for large variations in measured current with high accuracy and a low voltage drop across the resistor.
Current 3 Click communicates with MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface with a maximum frequency of 400kHz. The EMC1702 peripheral address is determined by a resistor connected R6 (0Ω) between the ground and the ADDR_SEL pin. Various values of this resistor also provide different peripheral addresses (0Ω is equal to 1001_100(r/w)).
The EMC1702 has two levels of monitoring and contains user-programmable bipolar Full-Scale Sense Ranges (FSSR). Each VSENSE measurement is averaged over a user-programmable time. If VSENSE exceeds (or drops below) the respective limits, the ALERT pin, routed on the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ socket labeled as ALT, may be asserted. It also contains user-programmable current peak detection circuitry on DUR_SEL and TH_SEL pins that will assert the THERM pin, routed on the RST pin of the mikroBUS™ socket labeled as TRM, if a current spike is detected larger than the programmed threshold and of longer duration than the programmed time (threshold and duration selected by resistors R7 and R8).
This Click board™ is designed to be operated with both 3.3V and 5V logic voltage levels that can be selected via VCC SEL jumper. This allows for both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs to use the I2C communication lines properly.
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