MiWi Click is a sub-gigahertz radio transceiver Click board™, which offers a reliable FSK or OOK communication solution, with the maximum data rates of 40kbps and 16kbps, respectively. The radio transceiver module used on this click board™ has plenty of features that make it a perfect choice for compact designs: It has very good reception sensitivity, an onboard PCB antenna, high level of components integration, built in packet handling routines with automatic CRC generation, 64 bytes of transmit/receive FIFO buffer, built in Sync Word recognition, clock/data synchronisation and recovery and many more.
Armed with such a powerful, compact and fully configurable radio transceiver module, MiWi Click offers highly reliable radio communication over a short distance, which can be utilized in many applications. It can be used for developing home/industrial/building automation applications, data loggers, applications for remote keyless access, alarms, wireless remote control and a wide variety of similar short-range radio applications.
Note: This Click board™ complies with European (ETSI EN 300-220) regulatory standards. For the United States (FCC Part 15.247 and 15.249) regulatory standards compliant Click board™, please visit the product page of the MiWi 2 Click.
MiWi Click features the MRF89XAM8A, a compact low-power sub-gigahertz radio transceiver module from Microchip, that operates at a frequency range between 863MHz and 870MHz. This module has all the necessary components onboard, including a small trace PCB antenna and matching electronics, allowing compact design, while maintaining the flexibility. It supports OOK and FSK signal modulation with data rates limited to 16kbps and 40kbps respectively, in order to be compliant with the ETSI standards. The MRF89XAM8A module is based upon a base architecture of the generic MRF89XA module, with a few modifications, applied in order to make this module ETSI compliant.
The module uses the SPI communication protocol. However, it uses two chips select lines, #CSCON - config block select and #CSDATA - data block select, used to access a different group of internal registers. These two lines are routed to the mikroBUS™ AN and CS pins, respectively. It should be noted that the device only supports SPI mode 0, 0 - which means that the serial clock signal (SCK) is idle LOW. Pulling the #CSCON line to a LOW logic level will enable communication with the configuration registers. Pulling the #CSDATA will enable host communication with the FIFO buffer. If both chip select lines are pulled to a LOW logic level, the #CSCON will have a priority over the #CSDATA.
The data processing section is used to interface the data from the MODEM (modulator/demodulator) section, with the host MCU access point sections (SPI and IRQ sections). The data processing section contains several control blocks that manage the data traffic. The data processing section supports 2 modes of operation of which are available on the MiWi Click:
These modes affect the host MCU processing overhead. In the Buffered mode, the host MCU has to manage sending or receiving of the preamble, Sync Word, and the actual payload, relying on the IRQs to get the FIFO buffer status and manually managing the number of sent/received bytes.
The FIFO (First In First Out) register performs parallel operations and it is 8 bits wide. However, the RF demodulator section works only with serial data, sending and receiving the information bit by bit, with the programmed rate. To interface FIFO buffer with the demodulator section, a shift register has to be employed. The FIFO register serves as a buffer for both data transmission and reception.
Two interrupt request lines (IRQ0 and IRQ1) of the MRF89XAM8A module are routed to the mikroBUS™ pins INT and PWM, respectively. These pins can be configured to generate an interrupt request to the host MCU, depending on the selected events. There are many interrupt sources that can be selected to trigger an interrupt. Before using interrupts, they have to be unmasked and enabled. All the interrupt sources and flags are configured through the Interrupt Configuration registers.
RESET line from the module is routed to the mikroBUS™ RST pin and it is used to reset the device. After the reset, the device is unavailable for about 5ms. To reset the device, this pin has to be pulled to a HIGH logic level for at least 100 µs. It is pulled to a LOW logic level by the pull-down resistor.
The OOK and FSK modulation protocols are commonly used subgigahertz protocols and each has its own benefits. In OOK mode (On-Off Keying), the carrier signal is amplitude modulated by switching between no carrier signal for the logical 0 and full carrier amplitude signal for the logical 1. The FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) modulation is basically frequency modulation with two different frequency values for the logical 0s and 1s. The MiWi Click is able to modulate and demodulate signals by using both of these protocols.
The provided libraries contain functions for an easy and simplified configuration of the MiWi Click. The included demo application can be used as a reference for future design and it demonstrates usage of the provided functions.
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