EXPAND 7 Click is a compact add-on board that contains a multi-port I/O expander with bi-directional input/outputs or PWM outputs. This board features the CY8C9540A, 40-bit I/O port expander with EEPROM and 8 independently configurable 8-bit PWM outputs from Infineon. The CY8C9540A operates as two I2C peripheral devices, first as a multi-port I/O expander, and second as a serial EEPROM with 11 Kbyte address space. It has a user default storage, flexible I2C address configuration, and a programmable interrupt and reset function. This Click board™ can be used to monitor and control LEDs and system intrusion detection devices, but also as a storage for information such as error codes or board manufacturing data for diagnostic purposes.
EXPAND 7 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
EXPAND 7 Click is based on the CY8C9540A, 40-bit I/O expander with EEPROM, and 8 independently configurable 8-bit PWM outputs from Infineon. The main blocks of the CY8C9540A include the control unit, PWMs, EEPROM, and I/O ports. The I/O expander's data pins can be independently assigned as inputs, outputs, or PWM outputs, and can be configured as open-drain or collector, strong drive (10 mA source, 25 mA sink), resistively pulled up or down, or high impedance which can be selected in the Port Drive Mode register. It operates as two I2C peripheral devices, where the first device is a multi-port I/O expander (single I2C address to access all ports through registers), and the second device is a serial EEPROM with 11 Kbyte address space.
Configuration and output register settings are storable as user defaults in a dedicated section of the EEPROM. If user defaults were stored in EEPROM, they are restored to the ports at Power-Up. The EEPROM is byte readable and supports byte-by-byte writing. A pin 3 of the Port 2 on this Click board™ can be configured as an EEPROM Write Disable (WD) input that blocks write operations when set high. The configuration registers can also disable EEPROM operations.
EXPAND 7 Click communicates with MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface with a maximum frequency of 100kHz. The CY8C9540A has, by default, two possible I2C peripheral address formats: the first is used to access the multi-port device, and the second to access the EEPROM. This selection of I2C peripheral addresses is performed by setting the logic level on the A0 pin of the CY8C9540A which can be done by using the SMD jumper labeled as ADDR SEL.
It also generates a programmable interrupt signal routed on the INT pin of the mikroBUS™, which can inform the system controller that there is incoming data on its ports or that the PWM output state was changed. The reset signal routed on the RST pin of the mikroBUS™ socket is similar to POR (Power-ON Reset) function. When the CY8C9540A is held in Reset, all In and Out pins are held at their default High-Z State.
This Click board™ is designed to be operated with both 3.3V and 5V logic voltage levels that can be selected via VCC SEL jumper. This allows for both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs to use the I2C communication lines properly. More information about the CY8C9540A can be found in the attached datasheet. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library that contains easy to use functions and a usage example that may be used as a reference for further development.
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