Accel 11 Click features an ultra-low power triaxial accelerometer sensor with embedded intelligence, labeled as the BMA456. This Click board™ allows linear motion and gravitational force measurements in ranges of ±2 g, ±4 g, ±8, and ±16 g in three perpendicular axes. This smart sensor allows the Accel 11 Click to detect many different events, including tap, double tap, step counting, activity recognition (walk, run, stand still), activity change (any type of acceleration pattern change), orientation, and more. It features an onboard data processing, offering the acceleration data directly, over the standard I2C or SPI interface.
Accel 11 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
With the total height of 1.10mm, the BMA456 is well suited for using it in wearable and handheld devices. Its powerful event detection engine is equipped with a set of features suitable for a wearable device, including step detection and count, walking activity recognition, tilt on wrist, tap/double tap detection, and any motion pattern detection. The sensor can use any of its two interrupt pins to report a detected event. Accel 11 Click can be used for a rapid development and testing of various applications based on step counting, fitness applications, profile switching and display ON/OFF applications, angle measurement applications, and similar applications.
Accel 11 Click is based on the BMA456, a digital triaxial acceleration sensor from Bosch Sensortec. This sensor has many features perfectly suited for wearables, handheld, and IoT applications, offering a good balance between the performance and the power consumption. One of its key features is its extremely low power consumption, which makes it perfectly suited for such applications. There are several power modes which the BMA456 device can use. While in Low Power mode, the device consumes the least power, but the access to some features is restricted. More information can be found within the BMA456 datasheet.
The BMA456 sensor can measure acceleration within ranges of ±2 g, ±4 g, ±8, and ±16 g. It can output the measurement data using the Output Data Rate (ODR) from 0.78Hz (Low Power mode), up to 1600Hz (Performance mode). A high-precision analog front end facilitates highly sensitive MEMS, featuring a 16-bit A/D Converter. It allows very high accuracy of the output, even during very low amplitude changes. This makes the sensor particularly sensitive and accurate with movements that generate relatively low acceleration signals. However, using a highly sensitive MEMS makes the BMA456 prone to damage caused by extremely high g-forces (10,000 g for less than 200 µs).
Acceleration data is available in 16-bit format from both the data registers and the internal FIFO buffer of 1kb. The FIFO buffer can be used for more complex calculations or timed readings, reducing the traffic on the communication interface. The interrupt engine facilitates the FIFO buffer, triggering an interrupt for two FIFO events: watermark event, and FIFO buffer full event. FIFO buffer allows optimization within the firmware that runs on the host MCU.
Besides the acceleration MEMS and complementary analog front-end circuit, the BMA456 sensor also has an integrated temperature sensor. It is updated every 1.2s and sampled to an 8-bit value (complement of 2’s format).
Interrupts can be triggered for many different events. Some basic events include the data-ready interrupt event and aforementioned FIFO events, while so-called feature engines can trigger an interrupt for any of the detected motion/movement events, including step detection/counter, activity recognition, tilt on wrist, tap/double tap, any/no motion, and error event interrupt. The extensive interrupt engine can use two programmable interrupt pins. Both of these pins can be assigned with any interrupt source and can be either LOW or HIGH on interrupt, depending on settings in appropriate registers. These two pins are routed to INT and AN pin of the mikroBUS™, and are labeled as IT1 and IT2, respectively.
Accel 11 Click offers two communication interfaces. It can be used with either I2C or SPI. The onboard SMD jumpers labeled as COMM SEL allow switching between the two interfaces. Note that all the jumpers have to be positioned either I2C or to SPI position. When I2C interface is selected, an additional SMD jumper labeled as ADDR SEL becomes available, determining the least significant bit of the BMA456 I2C address. The Click board™ should be interfaced only with MCUs that use logic levels of 3.3V.
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