Touchpad 2 Click is a compact add-on board that easily integrates projected capacitive touch into their applications. This board features the IQS525, a projected capacitive touch and proximity trackpad/touchscreen controller from Azoteq. It features best in class sensitivity, signal-to-noise ratio, and automatic tuning of electrodes, in addition to the multi-touch and multi-hover feature. This Click board™ is characterized by embedded gesture engine recognition for simple gestures (tap, swipes, hold), as well as built-in noise detection and filtering. This Click board™ is suitable for human-machine interfaces, keypad or scrolling functions, single-finger gesture-based interfaces, and more.
Touchpad 2 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
Touchpad 2 Click as its foundation uses the IQS525, a capacitive sensing controller designed for multitouch application using projected capacitance touch panel from Azoteq. It offers high sensitivity proximity/hover detection and contact (touch) detection. The device has an internal voltage regulator and Internal Capacitor Implementation (ICI) to reduce external components, which can be noticed on the Click board™ (very few additional components required by this IC). Advanced integrated signal processing capabilities yield a stable, high-performance capacitive controller with high sensitivity.
On the front side of the Touchpad 2 Click, there is a clearly defined field that represents a touchpad area. This area is a matrix of conductive electrodes on the PCB, electrically isolated from each other, arranged as rows and columns of X and Y. An electrode consists of multiple diamond-shaped elements, each connected to the next with a conductive neck.
The controller uses the principle of projected capacitance charge transfer on the touchpad area. When a conductive object such as a human finger approaches the sense plate, it will decrease the detected capacitance. Observing the measured results at various sensing points on the touchpad area enables the controller to determine proximity/hover detection and contact (touch) detection on all channels and accurately determine the coordinates on the touch area.
Due to the advanced sensitivity of the IQS525, multiple non-contact (proximity hover) coordinates also can be obtained. These hover coordinates can predict the touch coordinate of an approaching user before the touch is made, allowing innovative user interface options. Multiple filters are implemented to suppress, detect noise, and track slow varying environmental conditions and avoid effects of possible drift.
Touchpad 2 Click communicates with MCU using a standard I2C 2-Wire interface, with a clock frequency up to 100kHz in the Standard and 400kHz in the Fast Mode. An additional ready signal, routed on the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ socket, is added, which indicates when the communication window is available. Thus, it is optimal for the response rate to use the INT pin as a communication trigger, but polling is also a less attractive option.
This Click board™ can be operated only with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before use with MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used, as a reference, for further development.
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