IR Sense 2 Click is the infrared sensor Click board™, designed to be used in the short range IR sensing applications. Unlike other pyroelectric sensors, it is able to sense environmental heat changes up to 1m, even through the glass. IR Sense 2 Click is perfectly suited for human presence detection, so it can be used in many human presence detection applications. A programmable interrupt engine simplifies the software development and saves MCU cycles, that would be wasted on polling, otherwise. The ability to sense IR through the glass allows an unconstrained design of the final product.
Advanced sensing features of the small quantum-type IR sensor chip used on the IR Sense 2 Click, such as the on-chip processing and signal filtering, 16bit ADC signal conversion, I2C interface, programmable interrupt engine, low power consumption, integrated temperature sensor and very compact size, allow this Click board™ to be used as a very reliable and accurate presence detection device. It can be used for a range of applications that rely on human presence detection, such as proximity sensor activated lights and surveillance cameras, automatic doors, detection of heated objects, information terminals, and similar applications.
IR Sense 2 Click uses the AK9752, an ultra-small infrared sensor IC, with an I2C interface, from Asahi Kasei Microdevices (AKM) company. This sensor is capable of sensing wavelengths from 2 to 5 μm, allowing it to penetrate through the 0.7mm glass, which allows it to be hidden behind the transparent housing of some device. The sensor IC integrates the AKM’s original InSb quantum IR sensor element - used to sense the IR spectrum light, analog front end - for the signal conditioning and the sensor offset canceling, analog to digital converter (ADC) - used to convert temperature and IR sensor voltages into a digital information, the digital lowpass filter (LPF) with the selectable cut-off frequency, and finally - the communication I2C interface. Power on Reset section as well as the internal oscillator sections are integrated on this chip, as well.
The chip comes with the factory calibrated offset, making the IR Sense 2 Click ready to be used out of the box. The sensor data is output through the I2C bus, with its pins routed to the appropriate mikroBUS™ pins. The I2C interface supports both normal (clock speed up to 100kHz) and fast mode (clock speed up to 400kHz). However, to enable I2C in fast mode, the device needs to be operated at lower voltage levels, which are not available at the mikroBUS™ directly. For this reason, the Click board™ is equipped with a small LDO network, which provides 1.8V for the sensor. By employing two MOSFET transistors, the I2C levels are shifted to a voltage level selected by the onboard SMD jumper (3.3V or 5V). This allows fast I2C mode, even when interfaced to 3.3V or 5V MCUs.
The programmable interrupt engine can be used to trigger an interrupt request, whenever the programmed criteria are met. The interrupt will be triggered by all the events that meet the programmed criteria; the specific event that caused the interrupt can be found in the INTCAUSE register of the AK9752 sensor IC. The interrupt pin of the AK9752 is routed to the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ and it is driven to a LOW logic state when it is triggered. It is pulled to a HIGH logic level by the onboard resistor (to 1.8V). More about I2C communication and the interrupt sources can be found in the AK9752 datasheet.
IR Sense 2 Click can be operated in three modes:
As already mentioned, the onboard SMD jumper is used to set the logic voltage for the I2C and INT pin to 3.3V or 5V. this allows both 3.3V and 5V operated MCUs to be interfaced with the IR Sense 2 Click.
The provided Click library offers functions for easy configuration and reading of the sensor data. The included example application demonstrates the usage of these functions and it can be used as a reference for a custom development. More information about the functions can be found inside the click library HELP file.
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