I2C Extend Click is a compact add-on board for applications that require extending the I2C communication bus over a long distance. This board features the LTC4331 - an I2C peripheral device extender over a rugged differential link, from Analog Devices. It is a point-to-point SMBus compatible I2C peripheral device extender, designed for operation in high noise industrial environments while supporting up to 1MHz serial clock, ±40kV ESD protection on link pins, selectable link baud rates and more. All these features make I2C Extend Click an excellent choice for various applications that require extending the I2C bus over a long distance, such as sensor installations, industrial control, lighting system control, sound system control, etc.
I2C Extend Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
I2C Extend Click is based on the LTC4331, which is a point-to-point compatible I2C peripheral device extender designed for operation in high noise industrial environments. Using a ±60V fault protected differential transceiver, the LTC4331 can extend an I2C/SMBus bus, including remote interrupt function and a control signal, over a single twisted pair differential link. Thanks to selectable link baud rates, the I2C bus can be extended up to 1200m, depending on the link speed and external factors such as environmental noise level, humidity, cable quality, etc. Standard twisted-pair cables with RJ45 connectors can be used, the same as in the ethernet devices, etc.
Besides the I2C protocol extension, I2C Extend Click also supports local to remote control and interrupt functions. Local to remote control ensures that the values set on the local side CTRL pin propagate to the remote side CTRL pin over the differential link. Users can choose pin on the mikroBUS™ socket used for that purpose (CS or RST), using the onboard jumper named PIN SEL. Interrupt pin acts as an open-drain output in local mode and an input in remote mode. Basically, an interrupt signal on the INT pin in the I2C Extend Click is mirrored from the remote network to the local network using the differential link. On the remote side INT is an input pin that can be connected to remote I2C peripheral devices, while on the local side, it is operating as an open-drain output that can be connected to a shared local interrupt line.
Because of the dual functionality of the I2C Extend Click, the user needs to set the mode of operation of the Click board™. That is easily achieved using the onboard MODE switch, with two positions: local mode (LCL), where this Click board™ is in I2C peripheral mode and remote mode (RMT) where this Click board™ is in I2C controller mode. Besides mode selection, I2C Extend Click can also link speed and I2C address selection jumpers onboard, named “SPEED SEL” and “ADDR SEL”, respectively.
This Click board™ has Link status (LINK) and ready status (RDY) LEDs, making troubleshooting as easy as possible. In remote mode, LINK LED is active when the device establishes link communication. When in local mode, LINK LED is active after the LTC4331’s I2C interface has joined the I2C bus in addition to establishing link communication.The RDY LED is active after the device’s I2C interface has joined the bus.
This Click board™ is designed to operate with both 3.3V and 5V logic levels that can be selected via VCC SEL jumper. This allows for both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs to use the I2C communication lines properly.
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