Cap Extend 3 Click features four capacitive sensor pads integrated on the PCB, that can sense touch through a variety of different materials. This Click can sense touch through plastic, wood, or even metal, thanks to the proprietary Metal over Capacitive technology. All these materials can be used to protect the surface of the PCB and sensor pad traces, allowing implementation of all kinds of human-machine interfaces and seamless integration of the touch-sensitive buttons into various kinds of front panels. The Click also features a connector used for connecting to external sensors.
Features like the multi-stage active noise suppression filtering, automatic environmental compensation, high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and support for a wide range of sensor pad shapes and sizes, allow this device to be used as a reliable replacement for buttons or switches in many applications, including light switches, office equipment and toys, display and keypad backlight activation, and similar applications where a reliable and aesthetically pleasing button alternative is required.
Cap Extend 3 Click features the MTCH105, a five-channel proximity/touch controller with active guarding capability, from Microchip. The MTCH105 IC uses a sophisticated scan optimization algorithm to actively attenuate noise from the signal. Having a good SNR is one of the essential prerequisites when implementing a reliable capacitive touch detection. Good SNR coupled with the automatic environmental compensation, low power consumption and simple I/O interface make this IC a perfect solution for building the Cap Extend 3 Click with four reliable touchpad sensors.
The surface of Cap Extend 3 Click is protected with the acrylic glass. If a touch event is detected on one of the sensors connected to input pins of the IC (MTI0 to MTI4), the state of the corresponding channel output pin, (MTO0 to MTO4) will be pulled to a logic LOW level, indicating that the channel has been activated - touch has been detected on that specific channel. This will also be indicated by a LED, related to the activated channel. The output pins are working in an open drain configuration, thus are pulled HIGH by the onboard resistors.
Although the IC has five channels, only four buttons are implemented, as one of the channels is multiplexed with the active guard functionality. Guard control (GC) pin is multiplexed with the MTO2 pin, while GUARD pin is multiplexed with the MTI2 pin. If the GC pin is pulled down to a GND level, it will set the MTI2/GUARD pin into the GUARD mode, which can be used to absorb the noise around the sensor pads. A PCB trace connected to this pin surrounds all the sensor pads, providing active guarding and enhancing the SNR significantly. It should be noted that when the Active Guard is activated, a LED on the MTO2 pin will be lit, indicating that the Guard function is enabled.
A small onboard SMD jumper, labeled as JP2 can be left unpopulated, disconnecting the guard pin from the network of PCB traces that surround the sensor pads. This option is useful when the external sensor pads are used, or when the active guard function is not required so that the MTI2/MTO2 can be used as additional external cap touch sensor.
Cap Extend 3 Click also allows connecting of external sensors through the connector labeled as J1. The MTCH105 itself allows sensors of various sizes and shapes to be used, as well as sensors made of several different materials - carbon printing on plastic film, Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) pad, wire/cable, etc. External sensors connector allows expanding touch capabilities of the Cap Extend 3 beyond the Click itself. All five channels are routed to this connector, so users can decide on their preferred configuration of sensors and decide if the active guard feature will be used or replaced by another sensor.
The sensitivity of the sensor pads can be adjusted via the onboard potentiometer, connected between the VCC and GND. The potentiometer acts as a voltage divider, with its wiper connected to the MTSA pin of the MTCH105. Raising the voltage level of this pin will result in the lower sensitivity of the MTCH105 inputs.
The onboard SMD jumper labeled as the MODE SEL is used to select the working mode of the device. The device can work in either normal or the low power mode. While working in normal mode, the burst scan of the inputs will happen continuously, providing the shortest detection time. When set to work in the low power mode, the device will have a delay of 256ms between each burst scan interval. It will allow for significantly reduced power consumption, but the touch detection can be longer in this case. The device will work in a normal mode, when the MTPM pin is set to the VCC level, by switching the MODE SEL jumper to the position labeled as HIGH. When the MODE SEL jumper is set to the position labeled as LOW, the MTPM pin will be set to the GND level and the device will work in the low power mode.
The device also features a timeout reset. This function is useful when the sensor pad is obstructed by a foreign object, or its state is otherwise stuck as activated. When the channel stays activated for longer than 10 seconds, the corresponding channel will be reset and recalibrated.
All the five channel output pins of the MTCH105 are routed to the mikroBUS™ so that their states can be read and detected by the MCU in an easy and simple way. The channels are routed to the AN, PWM, INT, RST and CS pins of the mikroBUS™.
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