Pressure 5 Click is a barometric pressure measurement Click board™, which features the BMP388, an accurate absolute barometric pressure sensor. Due to its very high sensing accuracy, it is perfectly suited for precise altitude tracking applications. The BMP388 pressure sensor can use both SPI and I2C communication protocols, allowing it to be interfaced with a broad range of MCUs. The BMP388 features onboard processing capabilities such as the IIR filtering, which can be used to filter out abrupt pressure changes. Thanks to its very low power consumption, Pressure 5 Click to be used in a wide range of battery-powered and portable applications.
Pressure 5 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
Besides the pressure readings, the Pressure 5 Click also offers very accurate temperature reading, which is required for the pressure readings compensation. Oversampling up to 32 times combined with the filtering options allows very low noise influence on measurement results. Depending on the application in which the Click board™ is used, different power saving, oversampling, and filtering settings can be implemented, resulting in optimal performance in given conditions. All these features make the Pressure 5 Click an ideal solution for the development of portable weather station applications, indoor navigation for flying toys and drones, and similar applications that rely on reliable barometric pressure measurements.
The sensor used on the Pressure 5 Click is the BMP388, a digital pressure sensor, from Bosch Sensortec. This sensor consists of a piezo-resistive pressure sensing element and a mixed-signal ASIC which performs A/D conversions and provides the conversion results through a digital interface. This advanced MEMS technology offers a high measurement precision of 0.08hPa, as well as low TOC (thermal coefficient) of only 0.75 Pa/K. The sensor is enclosed in a small metal lid housing and is highly resilient: it can operate in a range of 300 hPa to 1250 hPa but can withstand up to 20,000 hPa before the membrane breaks down.
The BMP388 offers a set of pressure and temperature measurement options. It can be programmed to skip either thermal or pressure measurement, allowing faster measurement of the required property. The low TOC of only 0.75Pa/K allows reading of the pressure with very small drift over temperature. Resolution of 0.08hPa allows calculating of the altitude with the accuracy of about 66 cm, which is ideal for indoor navigation applications (drones, flying toy models, and similar). The IIR filter is especially useful for indoor usage, allowing filtering of some short-term disturbances, such as slamming doors or windows.
FIFO buffer allows for an optimization of the host firmware, reducing the data traffic through the communication interface. It has 512 bytes and it is backed up by an interrupt engine, which can trigger an interrupt event when the buffer is full, or when the watermark level is reached. Also, the behavior of the FIFO buffer can be programmed to either skip new data once it is full or to overwrite the oldest data. The interrupt is available over the INT pin, and can be used to further optimize the host firmware (i.e. to reduce the power consumption by utilizing the INT pin to wake up the host MCU). Besides FIFO events, the INT pin also signals when there is a new data available at the output register (Data Ready event).
This sensor consists of a mixed signal front-end (ASIC) and a piezo-sensitive pressure sensing element. The ASIC contains a low-noise 24-bit A/D converter, along with the digital signal processing section. The measurement data is available either over the I2C or the SPI interface. Pressure 5 Click offers a choice between these two interfaces. The selection can be done by positioning SMD jumpers labeled as COMM SEL to an appropriate position. Note that all the jumpers must be placed to the same side, else the Click board™ may become unresponsive. While the I2C interface is selected, the BMP388 allows the choice of the least significant bit (LSB) of its I2C peripheral address. This can be done by using the SMD jumper labeled as ADDR SEL.
The overall power consumption depends on several factors, such as the oversampling value, measurement rate, power mode, standby duration, and so on. Bosh Sensortech recommends a set of operational parameters for different applications, in the form of a table, in the BMP388 datasheet. In general, this sensor allows several power modes, regardless of the selected measurement parameters:
When the measurement is completed, raw ADC values will be available in the output registers. However, to obtain actual pressure and temperature readings, a compensation algorithm needs to be applied. A set of compensation parameters is available in the non-volatile memory of the BMP388 device. These compensation parameters take into account slight differences between the produced samples and each BMP388 device has its own set of parameters. The BMP388 datasheet offers detailed instructions on how to apply these compensating algorithms properly. However, MikroElektronika provides a library with functions which can be used for a simplified and thus faster application development. The library also contains a demo example, which demonstrates the use of these functions. The demo application can be used as a reference for a custom design.
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