Firework Igniter


Important!

Fireworks are illegal in SparkFun's county and throughout Colorado right now due to the extreme fire danger. All we're doing here is burning fuses as a proof of concept. Before you go lighting off any fireworks in your area, be it using a device like this or the old fashioned way, check for any local restrictions. They're in place for good reasons. Stay safe!

A couple weeks ago, resident SparkFun wizard Nick Wilson introduced me to nichrome wire, and it brought back a childhood memory of lighting fireworks with my model rocket launcher and electric matches. I had always thought it would be fun to be able to set off fireworks with precise timing like the pros.

Last year my home state, Michigan, legalized aerial fireworks. I put on a small show combining mortars and 200mg cakes. A couple friends and I would light as many of the wicks as possible and run for our lives. The show went really well and I told everyone I would put on another one the next year.

With Nick’s inspiration, I made a 4 channel firework launcher capable of igniting 16* individual firework fuses with variable delays.

Finding anything with a fuse in Colorado is actually pretty hard. I had to have some visco fuse mailed, and it took a while. Naturally, that didn’t stop me from making stuff in the meantime.

Firework clamp Firework clamp Firework clamp

It took forever to whittle those clothespins, but in the end they came out better than expected. Unfortunately once I received the visco fuse, I realized the 40AWG nichrome just didn’t have enough oomph to burn through the outer layer. I think this design could still work well with some lower gauge nichrome.

Firework Igniter

This is the main box. It has a 5V 16MHz ProMini, 12/5V 2A power supply and 2 10F 2.5V super capacitors. These 4 RCA inputs allow an external button to fire each relay individually. When nothing is plugged in, they are all routed to the red button under the toggle switch.

Relay box Relay box

When the input is fired the Arduino closes the associated relay in this smaller box giving 4 of the DC barrel jacks 5V.

alt text

This setup gave me a little more grief than I’d have liked. The Arduino could fire 3 of the relays at once but not 4. To fix this, I had to let the Arduino sink the current instead of sourcing it. That led me to an inductive feedback problem but it was easily solved by adding a diode across the load. You can read more about this in the SIK Guide page 64.

Fuse prep Fuse prep Fuse prep

The most reliable way I’ve found to ignite visco fuse with 40AWG nichrome is to use a needle and thread the wire through the fuse. Throw a little tape on the ends so that they don’t pull out. Enough current is used to exceed the melting point of the nichrome wire, since it won’t be reusable anyway.

Firework Igniter Firework Igniter Firework Igniter

Everything fit in fairly well; there is a cubby on the box lid to hold the spool of nichrome, and the relay box fits snugly in the enclosure.

The Arduino is running a simple program that can be found here. You can configure a delay before firing each individual relay. This can be used to light a cake that lasts 20-30s and then trigger your mortar shells just before the cake runs out without risking your life by being close to any artillery.

With the dry conditions here, I didn’t want to risk being responsible for a fire that incinerated the state, so here is a fairly underwhelming demonstration:

* In this setup, there is only about 7A of current available, and 1" of 40AWG nichrome draws approximately 1A. This igniter probably couldn’t ignite a firework on all of its 16 outputs simultaneously.

In addition to setting off a timed, choreographed fireworks display this device could be used for other fun things like theatrical pyrotechnics or launching model rockets! Please stay safe and have a wonderful Independence Day!


Comments 8 comments

  • I wish fireworks were legal here in boulder county ;_;

  • Nice, to see someone else add electronics to the home fireworks show. I have been adding electronics to rocket launching before micro processors where born. Any timing was done with 555 timers and relays. For fireworks I have also used nichrome wire and even a butane (flame) setup. In all cases I had a some warning indicator the system was armed.

  • Wow. You did a much better job with a box than I did. This last independence day, I built my third wireless fireworks igniter. You are right about the thicker nichrome working better. The way I did it was with 22 gauge wire coiled about a quarter inch in diameter. I can put the fuse right inside the coil and it works every time. One more thing you should add: a car horn alarm system. Sweet launcher Zinefer!

  • Can’t the nichrome be used to ignite the fireworks directly? Also, if you only drive the nichrome to the ignition point of a match then might you be able to use them multiple times? Finally, instead of a relay could you ignite the system with sparkfun’s motor controllers?

    • Back in the 70’s/80’s I tried this with the finest (not nichrome) wire we could find. Found that it could not light the fuse of fireworks, but it could light a firecracker, so we would wrap the wire around the fuse of the firecracker, and stick the firecracker into the firework.

  • You know you can use #3 steel wool for this…I made electric ignited matches with steel wool

  • Here in England I don’t think they’ve ever been illegal!


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